The assassination of President Abraham Lincoln was once of the most significant events in the history of the United States. It was the first assassination of an American president, and it resulted in great mourning throughout the nation. This tragic event continues to draw immense interest and speculation today, and many mysteries that surround it remain unsolved.Where, When, and Who Killed President Lincoln
President Lincoln was assassinated on the 14th of April, 1865, which was a Good Friday. The American Civil War was coming to an end, and the president was attending a play called Our American Cousin with first lady Mary Todd Lincoln at the Ford’s Theatre in Washington DC. Half way through the play, an actor by the name of John Wilkes Booth entered the Presidential Box where Lincoln was seated, and shot him in the head with a pistol.Booth’s Assassination Plan
Booth was a Confederacy supporter. After the main Confederate army surrendered to the Union forces, he felt a strong need to do something to inspire the Confederate troops to mount a resurgence. He made up his mind to assassinate Lincoln after he heard the president talk about giving voting rights to former slaves. On the day of the assassination, he came to know that Lincoln would be attending a play at the Ford’s Theatre that night. He made arrangements with the owner of a boarding house, Mary Surratt, to have his guns and ammunition ready for pickup at a tavern. Booth intended to shoot the president with a single-shot derringer and stab General Ulysses Grant with a knife, and he also assigned his fellow conspirators to kill Vice President Andrew Johnson as well as Secretary of State William Steward. They would strike simultaneously after 10:00 p.m.Act of Assassination and Death of President Lincoln
General Grant decided not to attend the play, and President Lincoln was accompanied by Major Henry Rathbone instead. The president arrived late, and he was seated in the Presidential Box. A policeman called John Frederick Parker was supposed to guard the Presidential Box, but he went to a tavern during the intermission and never returned in time to stop the assassination. Booth waited for the perfect moment to strike, when the lead actor would be alone on the stage and there would be enough noise from the audience to muffle a gunshot. When that moment arrived, he quickly entered the Presidential Box and fired the gun at the back of Lincoln’s head. The president was mortally wounded, and he slumped over in his chair. Major Rathbone tried to stop Booth from escaping, but he was stabbed in the arm.Capturing the Murderer
Booth managed to escape from Ford’s Theatre, and he rode a horse to Navy Yard Bridge to meet with his conspirators. From there, he made his way to the home of a doctor called Samuel A. Mudd to get treatment for his injured leg, which was fractured while he was escaping from the theater. After that, he hid in Zekiah Swamp for five days and then traveled to the farm of a tobacco farmer called Richard H. Garrett. On the 26th of April, 1865, Union soldiers surrounded the farm, and they were forced to shoot Booth because he resisted arrest. Booth passed way about two hours after he was shot in the neck.The Trial
After the assassination, many people who were suspected of being accomplices were arrested. Booth’s main conspirators, David Herold, George Atzerodt, and Lewis Powell, as well as Mary Surratt were executed by hanging. Three other people who were involved in the conspiracy, Samuel Arnold, Samuel Mudd, and Michael O’Laughlen, were sentenced to life imprisonment, while others were imprisoned and released. The Lincoln assassination trial lasted for seven weeks.Impact of Death on the Nation
The assassination of President Abraham Lincoln devastated the nation. In some cities, his supporters attacked those who expressed support for the assassination. President Lincoln’s funeral procession was attended by millions of Americans, and the transportation of his body to Springfield, Illinois was viewed by millions more.
Here are links to more information about the assassination of President Lincoln:
- President Abraham Lincoln: Comprehensive information about President Abraham Lincoln from the White House.
- Assassination of President Lincoln: This webpage provides a brief account of the assassination of President Lincoln.
- Lincoln’s Assassination Dream: President Lincoln’s description of the dream he had three days before he was assassinated.
- How President Lincoln was Assassinated?: Find out how John Wilkes Booth devised and executed his plan to assassinate President Lincoln.
- John Wilkes Booth: A short biography of John Wilkes Booth.
- Timeline of Lincoln Assassination: Timeline detailing various events related to the assassination of President Lincoln.
- The Act of Assassination: This article reveals how the assassination of President Lincoln was carried out.
- The Death of Lincoln: A comprehensive account of the assassination of President Lincoln and its impact on the nation.
- After the Assassination: Account of how an American woman reacted to the assassination of President Lincoln.
- Capture of John Wilkes Booth: This document relates the pursuit and capture of John Wilkes Booth.
- John Wilkes Booth Autopsy: A discussion on the autopsy of John Wilkes Booth.
- Trial of the Lincoln Assassins: Extensive information about the trial that followed the Lincoln assassination.
- Lincoln Assassination Conspirators: A document that relates the sentencing of those who conspired to assassinate President Lincoln.
- Lincoln’s Funeral Train: Comprehensive description of President Lincoln’s funeral train.
- Aftermath of the Lincoln Assassination: A look into the events that took place after the Lincoln assassination.
- The Lincoln Legacy: This web page discusses the legacy of President Abraham Lincoln.
- Doctor’s View of Lincoln Assassination: An interview with a doctor about the Lincoln assassination.
- Lincoln’s Death Revisited: This article provides an interesting insight into the assassination of President Lincoln.
- Lincoln Assassination Images: Images that are related to the assassination of President Lincoln.
- Lincoln Library: A website that contains a lot of information about President Abraham Lincoln.